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Financing for the project has to be sought and obtained. Pre-production: Arrangements and preparations are made for the shoot, such as hiring cast and film crew, selecting locations and constructing sets. Production: The raw footage and other elements for the film are recorded during the film shoot. Post-production: The images, sound, and visual effects of the recorded film are edited and combined into a finished product. Next, a screenwriter writes a screenplay over a period of several months. The screenwriter may rewrite it several times to improve dramatization, clarity, structure, characters, dialogue, and overall style. The producer and screenwriter prepare a film pitch, or treatment, and present it to potential financiers.
Once all parties have met and the deal has been set, the film may proceed into the pre-production period. By this stage, the film should have a clearly defined marketing strategy and target audience. Development of animated films differs slightly in that it is the director who develops and pitches a story to an executive producer on the basis of rough storyboards, and it is rare for a full-length screenplay to already exist at that point in time. If the film is green-lighted for further development and pre-production, then a screenwriter is later brought in to prepare the screenplay.
Analogous to most any business venture, financing of a film project deals with the study of filmmaking as the management and procurement of investments. In pre-production, every step of actually creating the film is carefully designed and planned. The production company is created and a production office established. The nature of the film, and the budget, determine the size and type of crew used during filmmaking. Storyboard artist: creates visual images to help the director and production designer communicate their ideas to the production team. Director: is primarily responsible for the storytelling, creative decisions and acting of the film.
There are several types of AD, each with different responsibilities. Film producer: hires the film’s crew. Unit production manager: manages the production budget and production schedule. Production designer: the one who creates the visual conception of the film, working with the art director, who manages the art department, which makes production sets. Makeup and hair designer: works closely with the costume designer in order to create a certain look for a character. Casting director: finds actors to fill the parts in the script. This normally requires that actors audition.