Successor Muhammad al-Baqir according to the Twelver, and Ismaili Shia, Zayd bin Ali according to the Zaidiyyah Shia. Shia Imam, after his father Husayn, his uncle Munajat imam ali in urdu pdf, and his grandfather Ali. Hasan and his father Husayn, Prophet Muhammad’s grandchildren. Several accounts record Zayn al-Abidin’s deep sorrow over the massacre.
It is said that for thirty four years, he would weep when food was placed before him. One day a servant said to him, “O son of Allah’s Messenger! Is it not time for your sorrow to come to an end? Jacob the prophet had twelve sons, and Allah made one of them disappear”.
Kufa’s people invited Husayn to go to Kufa and be their Imam, but they did not back him and his family against Kufa’s governor, who massacred them in Karbala. Thus they thought themselves responsible for the tragedy of Karbala and tried to compensate for it by throwing themselves into the struggle to obtain vengeance for Husayn’s blood. Around this time, the question of the right of succession between Ali ibn al-Husayn and Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah gained the most attention. Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah was a pious, brave man whom many considered him as their Imam. Ali ibn al-Husayn was respected by his followers, who considered him as the fourth imam, and by the circle of Medinan scholars who considered him as an eminent traditionist. The lawyer Said ibn al-Musayyib and the jurist and traditionist Al-Zuhri—though attached to the court of the Umayyad—were among his admirers. It is narrated from the Imam that when he saw a beggar weeping, he said: If the world was in his hands and suddenly it dropped from him, it would not be worth weeping for.
The Imam renounced worldly pleasures but did not give way to poverty and feebleness, rather he was “pious with what God prohibited”. Say: O God, I ask You for well-being and gratitude for it. According to William Chittick, the Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is the “oldest prayer manual in Islamic sources and one of the most seminal works of Islamic spirituality of the early period”. The Fifteen Whispered Prayers also known as The Fifteen Munajat, is a collection of fifteen prayers attributed to Zayn al-Abidin, which some researchers regard as a supplementary part of the latter collection. According to Abu Hamza al-Thumali, during the month of Ramadhan, Imam Zayn al-Abidin would spend most of the night in prayer. Lord and a deposit for which you will have no need for witnesses. Zain al-Abidin’s Treatise on Rights is the only work other than supplications, short sayings and letters, attributed to him.
According to Chittick, this treatise is especially important because it deals with many of the same themes as the Sahifa in a different style and language. Zayn al-Abidin was poisoned by Umayyad ruler Al-Walid through the instigation of the Umayyad caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik in Medina. Her name has also been given as Shah-Zanan, Sulaafa, Ghazaala, and Shahr-Banuya, among others. His eyes turned white from constant weeping, his head turned grey out of sorrow, and his back became bent in gloom, though his son was alive in this world. But I watched while my father, my brother, my uncle, and seventeen members of my family were slaughtered all around me. How should my sorrow come to an end?
Abū Khālid al-Kābuli was among those who confessed the Imamah of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, but turned to Zayn al-Abedin afterwards, saying “I served Mohammed b. Hanafiya for a time of my life. The most ascetic of all the people is Ali b. Tehran: World Organization for Islamic Services. A Brief History of The Fourteen Infallibles. State University of New York Press.
The Complite Edition of the Treatise on Rights. Imam Ali ubnal Husain 2009, pp. Muh’sin al-Ameen al-A’mili, A’yan as-Sheea’h, Damascus, 1935, IV, 189. The Shi’ite Religion: A History of Islam in Persia and Irak.